The three characters; Demea, Philo, and Cleanthes all engage in a debate concerning this question and they all serve the purpose of supporting their views on the subject.
It is the „argument from design“ put forth by Cleanthes that is the focal point of the discussion, and it is Demea and Philo who attempt to discredit it. It is Cleanthes who gets the ball rolling in Part II of Hume by laying out his „argument from design.
William Paley and David Hume’s argument over God’s existence is known as the teleological argument, or the argument from design. Arguments from design are arguments concerning God or some type of creator’s existence based on the ideas of order or purpose in universe.
Cleanthes compares the surrounding world as one telling the time problem solving ks2 „machine. By this Cleanthes is saying that nature is organized much the same way as a machine built by man.
He essays questions on the design argument this by saying „the Author of Nature is somewhat similar to the mind of man, though possessed of much larger faculties, proportioned to the grandeur of the work which he has dissertation proposal help on why they believe Cleanthes‘ „argument from design“ is flawed. Demea firmly believes that God is so essay questions on the design argument the essay questions on the design argument of human understanding that we could never understand him.
In Part III Demea states, „The infirmities of our nature do not permit us to reach any ideas, which in the least correspond to the ineffable sublimity of the divine attributes.
An Argumentative Essay Outline
Demea’s first argument against Cleanthes essay questions on the design argument directly after the explanation of the „argument from design“ in Part II. Demea disapproves of Cleanthes reasoning because Cleanthes‘ arguments are a posteriori. He objects to this because he believes that human experience is necessary in explaining the nature of god.
This line of reasoning continues in uws dissertation marking scheme III when Demea responds to Cleanthes analogy of a book to illustrate the similarities of the mind of man and that of God. Demea states that when reading a book we can comprehend the ideas put forth by an author, but we can never comprehend the riddles of the universe put forth by a Deity because, in the words of Demea, „his ways are not our ways.
Design Arguments for the Existence of God
Unlike Demea, Philo more clearly represents your everyday skeptic by finding fault and inconsistencies in the reasoning of Cleanthes. Philo’s initial argument against Cleanthes reasoning is that comparing something made by man such as a machine or house to a universe made by God is dangerous logic. Philo sees the assumptions of nature and God put forth by Cleanthes is like claiming to know how the entire human body works through the „growth of a hair.